Odesa, April 23, 2015 – Svitlana Vinoglovska, head of safety and accounting documents of the National Archival Fund (NAF) at the State Archive of Odesa region; Inna Golubovich, Ph.D., professor of Odesa University n.a. Mechnikov, member of the Public Council under the State archive; Olexiy Keler, director of the Institute for Ethnic Studies, member of the Public Council under the State archive, held a briefing on “The State Archive of Odesa Region: Challenges and Prospects”.
Svitlana Vinoglovska told that the national archive – an integral part of the national and world cultural heritage. It is under state protection.
There are three branches of archive: at Zhukovsky St., 18 – building of Brodsky Synagogue, built in 1840, the former Party Archive in Pirogov Street and archive in Izmail. Their total area of about 5,000 square meters and more than 2.5 million cases of different directions, stored in 13 000 funds. Protected storage by fire alarm system, but the climate system, which would provide the necessary temperature and humidity for storage of documents in the archive there is not.
In storage are both public and private archives of those citizens, who have made significant contributions to the science and culture of the country. Interesting funds with drawings, diagrams and maps.
In addition to paper documents, the archive has records on magnetic tapes, films and plates. There is in it and a library with valuable materials, including pre-revolutionary. These are newspaper files and magazines.
The main objective of archive staff, according to Svitlana Vinoglovska – is to ensure the safety and accounting documents. All materials stored in the archive are taken into account. All given materials are being checked when handed out and when taken back to the fund.
Inna Golubovich said that the famous contemporary intellectual Michel Foucault said that the archive – is the order of things and the government, the order of all that can be said.
Social activists are helping to restore order in the archive of its affairs. For example, is publishing Almanac “Philosophy and Culture”, which would have been impossible without the work in the archive, meetings with archivists, historians, ethnographers. At the level of philosophical, cultural reflection scientists and philosophers explain to society the need and usefulness of historical memory.
Thus, according to Inna Golubovich was published anthology of the totalitarian regime in the former Soviet states on the basis of the archive. Thanks to them, was able to show the full horror and magnitude of repression, the closed society of the era.
Philosopher noted that it is necessary for archive to go out into the public, for people, interested in their history and the history of their family, for students, who are working on their research. The archive should be open and accessible. Inna Golubovich gave the example of Steven Spielberg, who created a huge archive of Holocaust accessible to all.
Olexiy Keler said that he represents the community of Odesa Germans. When they started to work with the regional archives, they did not believe in Europe, that there is something left on the history of Germans, who lived in the Odesa region. But the archive includes approximately 200,000 cases concerning living in Ukraine Germans.
By the beginning of the First World War the German population was about 10% across the region, and they owned more than 35% of all arable land in our area.
Documents on German colonists survived in rural archives – in Germany so far wonder it. There is information about the Germans and in the former party archive.
Olexiy Keler said that it is gratifying, when people search for their roots. They say that people should know at least seven of their generations. Representatives of the German community are also involved in the digitization of documents and the translation of documents of the ethnic Germans in electronic databases. It’s easier to look for their ancestors and know the history of their family.
In Odesa, there are a number of German organizations that are engaged in the history of the Germans. Olexiy Keler himself is engaged in the theme of repressed Germans, and even for this difficult topic in the archive there is a large layer of history and documents.
Inna Golubovich recalled that on Monday, April 27 at 16.00 in the art-club “Gallery” in the Otradnaya Street, 13 will be a round table discussion on “Archive as a cultural phenomenon”. Contact phone 097 447 67 46.